Plant Profile: Flowering Dogwood, Cornus florida
By Sally Marie Futch
This post is one of a series from professor Nisse Goldberg's Botany students at Jacksonville University.
|Figure 1. Four white bracts surrounding the|
yellow-green flowers of C. florida.
Photo credit: Mickaw2.
Specific epithet: florida
Cornus florida or flowering dogwood: Cornus is from the Latin word of “cornu” meaning hard and bony, “florida” means flowering in Latin. The flowering dogwood is a tree typically found growing in the shaded understory of mesic hammocks.
|Figure 2. Red drupes of C. florida.|
Photo credit: Virginia Ducey.
The roots have been used to make a red dye, the bark to treat malaria in humans, and the wood to make the heads of golf clubs!
The Dogwood is among the most commonly used in landscaping for their beauty. Unfortunately the fungus dogwood blight has decimated populations.
Interested in having one for your yard? Consider purchasing from a member of the Florida Association of Native Nurseries!
- Burghardt, J. (n.d.). Dogwood Tree Scientific Name Facts. GardenGuides. Retrieved April 8, 2012, from http://www.gardenguides.com/129902-dogwood-tree-scientific-name.html
- Christman, S. (2008, March 10). Floridata: Cornus florida. Welcome to Floridata. Retrieved April 11, 2012, from http://www.floridata.com/ref/C/cornus_f.cfm.
- Flowering dogwood. (2006, September 24). Wikipedia. Retrieved April 11, 2012, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cornus_florida.
- Jathar, R. (n.d.). Flowering dogwood tree uses. Buzzle.com. Retrieved April 8, 2012.
- Native Plant Database. (n.d.). Cornus florida (Flowering Dogwood). Retrieved April 11, 2012, from http://www.wildflower.org/plants/result.php?id_plant=COFL2.
- Wunderlin, R. P., and B. F. Hansen. 2008. Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants (http://www.plantatlas.usf.edu/). [S. M. Landry and K. N. Campbell (application development), Florida Center for Community Design and Research.] Institute for Systematic Botany
Figure 1. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:IMG_1527Dogwood.JPG
Figure 2. http://florida.plantatlas.usf.edu/Photo.aspx?id=606